Should Abortion Be Legal?

  1. Introduction
  2. Thesis
  3. Anti-thesis
  4. Synthesis
  5. Conclusion

Should abortion be legal?
Abortion is the expulsion of a fetus or embryo from a female’s uterus which leads to the termination of an existing pregnancy. An abortion can be either induced or spontaneous in which case it is termed as a miscarriage. A miscarriage occurs when there are complications during the pregnancy term and especially before the 22nd week of development. These complications may be as a result of natural causes such as unnatural replication of chromosomes or due to accidental trauma. An induced abortion on the other hand is the deliberate intervention to expel a fetus from the uterus either to save the life of the mother (therapeutic abortion) or due to other personal reasons other than fetal disease or maternal health (elective abortion). Induced abortions use various methods such as abortifacients like the abortion pill, suction aspiration also known as vacuum abortion, dilation and evacuation (D&E), dilation and curettage (D&C) and intrauterine cranial decompression during late pregnancy. Despite the incidence of induced abortion having reduced in recent years due to the introduction of family planning services and contraceptives, the controversy on abortion has prevailed over years. The main subjects of debate border on the legal and ethical issues that are related with induced abortion and this stirs up very strong feelings, opinions and intense recriminations. As a result, two world wide social movements have been created and are known as pro-life and pro-choice as they either against abortion or support induced abortion respectively. The main debate in most countries of the world, however, is whether induced abortion should be made legal or not.

In agreement with pro-choice activists, I believe that abortion should be legalized in all the countries around the world. Every woman has the right over her own body and she has...