Nvq 2 Unit 3

Assessment Unit 3

1.1 Diversity means difference. People have many things in common but they are also different in many ways. To respect and support diversity one needs to recognise, understand and embrace the others’ differences. This way, we can create a productive environment where everyone feels valued regardless of their gender, ethnicity, age, disability, sexual orientation, religion and beliefs or class.
Equality means that everyone is the same and we share the same rights. That’s why we have to treat the others with respect, in the same way we want to be treated by everyone else. Also, because people are different they have individual needs and so the society and their communities have to ensure services that satisfy each need.
Inclusion means that all people have to be given the same opportunities and the right to choose. Choice allows an individual to feel independent through decision-making and control. No matter how different people are, we need support and consideration in order to feel valued within a group.
Discrimination means having prejudices and treating people unfairly on grounds of age, sex, ethnicity, religion, disability, marital status, pregnancy and maternity or sexual orientation (characteristics protected by law). People can be discriminated directly by being treated less favourably because of certain protected characteristics or indirectly, when an organisation’s practices and policies disadvantage people who share certain protected characteristics. If you're treated less favourably because a colleague, associate, family member or friend has a protected characteristic, that would be direct discrimination by association.
Discrimination may have serious effects on people: they can lose their self-esteem and confidence and even develop physical health problems and mental anxiety. Also, some of these people tend to become isolated or angry and they can engage in violent acts when they feel threatened.

1.2 Direct discrimination can...