Y163 Tma1

Task 1
Part A


Task 1
Part B

How can the way in which we organise our thinking by using mental images, concepts and schemas help us improve our memory?

We can organise our thinking in many different ways.   In this essay I will be looking at mental images, concepts and schemas and how they can be used to improve our way of thinking and how organisations can also improve our memory.   We can think in three different ways through words, images and impressions.   These three ways are known as semantic, which is thinking based on words and meaning.   Iconic which are thoughts using mental images and thirdly enactive thinking, which is when we use mental movements to represent different things, ( Pg 35).   ie going through the motion of describing how to do something

Firstly I will look at mental images.   Mental Images can be described as iconic representations.   It is the process of remembering things by putting information that needs to be remembered into a visual record into our minds.   We have a visual record of each bit of knowledge we learn throughout our lives.   Mnemonics and keyword technique are two of the different techniques using mental images.   Mnemonics is a strategy for improving our memory by linking the information to be remembered with mental images and a sequence.   One mnemonic I can recall from childhood is for spelling ARITHMETIC – a Red Indian thought he might eat toffee in church, this I can still remember after many years.   As illustrated by Spoors et al (2010) the use of mental images have proved to be valuable when learning a new languages.   One such word which is described is the French word ‘poubelle’ which when translated in to English means bin.   To remember this a mental image of a smelly shaped bell was formed which would then link the two words.   This is known as the Key Word technique.   Also an experiment was carried out by the developers of the keyword technique, Raugh and Atkinson, which highlighted the positive use...