Y163 Tma 01

Y163 - TMA 01 / ANDREW FLANAGAN (T2565730)

            Task 1

            Part B

            How can the way in which we organise our thinking by using mental images, concepts and schemas help us improve our memory?

            The brain processes millions upon millions of bits of information every single day.   These are stored within the brain’s memory banks – the cerebrum.   Recalling specific information – remembering something, can at times prove difficult.   There is a wide range of tools which ca help to improve memory.   These include the use of mental images, concepts and schemas, to organise thoughts in such a way as to make the recalling of a memory more accessible.   To understand how these techniques can be used to assist memory, they will each be examined as a separate process.

            First of all, let us examine the use of mental images to assist memory.

            Mental images are the result of iconic thought – a technique that utilises images instead of words.   This method is a fundamental tool, and can be used to aid memory.   This can be seen by the use of the key word technique, linking specific images to key words when learning a foreign language.   As an example of this, the French word for bin is “poubelle” (pronounced pooh-bell).   By picturing a bin filled with pooh, it can acts as a reminder that poubelle is French for
            (Y163 - TMA 01)
            bin.   Michael Raugh and Richard Atkinson (1975) developed the key word method whilst conducting an experiment on two separate groups of volunteers.   When asked to learn 60 Spanish words, half of the participants were taught using the key-word technique, half were not.   Later, when the groups were tested, those who were taught using the key words technique, scored 88% on average, compared to an average of only 28% for those who were not taught it.
            Mnemonics are another memory aid, which can involve the use of mental imagery.   An early example of...