Y163 Tma 1

Assignment Number TMA 01

In Psychology, memory is our ability to store, retain and recall information. In this essay, I will discuss the use of mental images, concepts and schemas as ways to help us improve our memories. I have also included a few short points on Mnemonics, which is a widely used aid in memorisation.
I will take each point in turn, and use ideas and evidence to support my opinion.
The brain is a very complex and fascinating organ. It has approximately 100 billion neurons. (a neuron is a cell that processes information). The brain controls everything that makes us human beings, for example, movement, emotions, thought, reflexes and memory. Within the brain lies the hippocampus, which is a structure which plays an important role in memory recall, and also in the formation of new memories too.   This is what we will be discussing today - how organising our thinking can improve our recall.
There are different types of memory. There is Episodic memory, which is memory from our own personal experiences, for example, remembering our favourite playground games from school. There is also Semantic memory, which is memory from factual knowledge.

for example, remembering who the Prime Minister of Great Britain is. Lastly there is Procedural memory. This is our memory of how to
do things, so for example, how to roast a chicken, or play the guitar.
Let’s begin by looking at the three ways that we can improve our memory.
Firstly, let’s look at Mental Imaging. We use mental images to help process information we take into our brains. For example, when reading a book, we use a mental image of what we think the characters look like. By generating a mental image, we are actually helping the information to stay in our memories for longer, therefore making recall easier and quicker.
We can refer to an experiment carried out by Michael Raugh and Richard Atkinson (1975). They developed the keyword technique. A keyword is a word that sounds like the...