Types of Medication for Adhd

Research and describe types of medication and types of non-medical support used in the treatment of ADHD.

What stimulant medication is?
Stimulants are psychoactive drugs that induce temporary improvements in either mental or physical functions or both (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimulant). Stimulants give the user the feeling of being more alert, more aware in situations, motivation. As ADHD can cause issues with restlessness and also make the individual hyperactive, stimulants reduce the impact of such events happening. This therefore makes the subject able to focus more and also concentrate at a much higher level. As the main symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsiveness and inattention, stimulants act by providing a temporary improvement in the areas mentioned above allowing the individual the opportunity to function normally if that is the right word to use.

Short acting and long acting medication including side effects
Stimulants for ADHD come in both short and long term dosages. In terms of short term, these last for several hours but need to be taken 2/3 times a day. Long acting, as the name might suggest, last for 8-12 hours and therefore only need to be taken once a day. In terms of preference and it really is each to their own here, long acting may be preferred as sufferers of ADHD have trouble remembering and therefore might forget to take their pills. Types of medication commonly used to treat ADHD and some of the only ones licensed by the NHS are:
  * Methylphenidate (Ritalin) - this is the most commonly used and is a stimulant that increases the activity in the brain which controls attention and behaviour. This isn’t to be used with adults so is commonly associated with children over six and teenagers. As with most medication though, side effects can occur. The most common using this medication are loss of appetite, headaches and stomach aches which can all have a detrimental impact on the individual taking the drug.