Theoretical Case Study -Person Centred Therapy

Theoretical Case Study- Person Centred Therapy

1.1-1.5 Person centred approach was developed from the humanistic psychology, which views people as capable & autonomous, with the ability to resolve their issues, realize their potential and make changes to their lives in positive ways (self-actualization). Carl Rodgers was an American psychologist who was a major contributor of the person centred approach also known as “client centred” & “Rogerian.” He emphasized the humanistic perspective, as well as ensuring that the therapeutic relationship with clients promoted self-esteem, authenticity and actualisation in the person’s life. Much of Rodgers work was in understanding and defining the disciplines & conditions to be followed by counsellors, so they could create a safe therapeutic relationship with their clients.
The key concepts and guiding principles are based on the core conditions, which Rodgers believed a counsellor needs to bring about a therapeutic change with their clients.
  * Therapist Congruence or Genuiness: The counsellor is deeply involved with their client and does not intentionally or unintentionally hide behind a facade or front, that he or she is actually the person they are feeling themselves to be at the time.

  * Therapist Empathy understanding:   the counsellor feels an empathic understanding for their client, and genuinely feels or experiences the same feelings and emotions of the client, by showing this understanding.

  * Therapist Unconditional Positive Regard: The therapist accepts the client unconditional without passing any judgments on his/her actions, feelings or attitudes thus facilitating unconditional positive self- regard.

  * Client Perception: The client perceives at least to a certain extent that the counsellor genuinely accepts them unconditionally and understands their feelings.

  * Conditions of worth: This influences the way in which a client’s self-concept is shaped, for example as they grown up their...