“Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients”

Person-centred therapy, also known as Client-centred therapy and Person-centred psychotherapy was a model of counselling that was put forward by Carl Rogers in the 1940’s and 1950’s. Rogers, whose interest in his method came from practising as a psychotherapist for most of his life, states that people continually strive to become a person and that this striving will never actually cease.

Rogers states that a strict upbringing always lead to the repression of emotions and therefore stated that it was vital that the counsellor or psychotherapist develop a warm and caring regard for each and every individual client, regardless of what their problem is or why it is that they have come to therapy. The purpose of this approach is to allow clients to become aware of their own feelings without the therapist making any suggestions. Person-centered therapists do not ask questions, make diagnoses, provide advice, make interpretations, offer reassurance or blame, nor do they agree or disagree with what a client says. Instead, they let clients bring to therapy whatever they want and allow them to use the therapeutic relationship in their own way.

Client-centred therapy is very much a non-directive method of counselling or therapy. A directive method of counselling means that the client is steered in some way. Directive behaviours may include asking questions, making interpretations and suggesting methods of treatments.

Rogers was inspired and in agreement with the Hierarchy of Needs developed by Abraham Maslow which is discussed in greater depth later in this essay. Person-centred therapy (or the Rogerian approach, as it is also known) is now considered to be the foundation of the humanistic approach to counselling and psychotherapy.

Before we look at what the model states, I will first introduce the key assumptions that were made by Rogers. He assumed that:

- Humans are basically good people and will always strive towards goodness if they are only given the...