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European Enlightenment and the United States Constitution

Political theorist of the European Enlightenment Era raised many questions about freedom of speech and religion, women’s rights, children ruling governments, taxes, oppressive governments, and various rights of a free man. Political theorist such as Edmund Burke, Olympe de Gouge, Thomas Hobbes, Immanuel Kant, and Condorcet wrote literary works of art that posed questions which later became very important topics to the framers of the United States Constitution.   In addition, The English Bill of Rights 1789 and the Decree of National Assembly Abolishing the Feudal System, 11 August 1789, also were heavily weighted in the decisions of the Constitution’s framers.
Edmund Burke’s ‘Reflections on the Revolution in France’ expressed concern for the equal payment of taxes by all citizens and the government’s leadership of the people. The framers of the Constitution addressed this issue in Section 8-Powers of Congress. “The Congress shall have Power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States”.(1) The Decree of National Assembly Abolishing the Feudal System, 11 August 1789, Section V and IX explains explicitly the separation between roles of government collected taxes and tithes to the church. The United States Constitution follows this exact description by collecting taxes for the welfare of the people apart from clergy tithing. By doing this they are able to uphold the Preambles declaration that the government will provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and establish justice.
The first three sections in Article 1- The legislative Branch of the United States constitution advises how the seats for the Legislature, The House, and The Senate will be filled. The articles advise that appointees must have reached a certain age and also be citizens for certain lengths of time before they are...