Social Welfare Policy

Comparative: Comparing Social Welfare Policy

|ID                                           |C015                                                                         |
|Date of Revision                             |9/1/06                                                                       |
|General Topic/Chapter                         |Comparing Social Welfare Policy                                               |
|Author                                       |Sunday P. Obazuaye                                                           |

Introduction (NOTE CHANGES IN RED)

In this exercise, you can compare U.S. social welfare policies with those of four other countries: Great Britain, France, Japan, and Germany. We shall focus on three types of social welfare policies: old age pensions (social security), health care, and education. Through this comparative exercise, you can gain a better comprehension of how social welfare policies vary across nations and you can better understand the distinctive features of U.S. social welfare policies.

Add to “Social Welfare Policy around the World”


Germans see their economy as a social market economy, that is, one that combines a capitalist mode of production with the belief that society should protect all its members from economic and social need. Such protection is provided by a system of social insurance to which people contribute according to their incomes with the understanding that they may someday need its assistance. The belief that society is responsible for the well-being of its members is called solidarity, or Solidarität , and is a key concept of German social policy. The development of social policy in Germany has followed a unique historical path. During a long process of growth and social experimentation, Germany combined a vigorous and highly competitive capitalist economy with a social welfare system that, with some exceptions, has provided its citizens cradle-to-grave...