What Is the Relationship Between Social Justice and the Development of Social Welfare Policies? Illustrate Your Answer with Reference to at Least Two Chapters from Book One, Social Justice.

DD208 TMA03

What is the relationship between social justice and the development of social welfare policies? Illustrate your answer with reference to at least two chapters from book one, Social Justice.

In this assignment I intend to examine the argument that notions of social justice and the development of social welfare policies are globally entangled and complex. There is no one definition of a welfare state however, the Oxford dictionary describes   'a system whereby the state undertakes to protect the health and well-being of its citizens, especially those in financial or social need, by means of grants, pensions, and other benefits' (Oxford University press. 2013).
I will be drawing upon different forms of evidence to show the intertwined, changeable and contestable nature of the relationship between social justice and developing welfare policies. 'Social justice is a device for challenging particular forms of inequality or unfairness, and a way of summoning up moral, ethical and political commitments to norms and values about how a society - however defined - be organised' (Newman and Yeates. 2008:68).
The fist example of evidence I would like to use is that of Nelson Mandela and the struggles of race segregation in the USA and South Africa in the 1950's. Mandela was a political civil rights activist who campaigned against the apartheid's segregation of 'coloured' Africans from whites and later, successfully abolished the segregation system. During this time many injustices came to black South Africans by way of violent policing, discrimination and inequality. This inequality created a drive for change amongst the 'coloured' population. While working for a law firm, Mandela described his first day at work when he was told by a young white secretary that there was no coloured bar at the firm and that two new cups had been purchased in honour of his arrival. Mandela was aware that the 'two new cups' represented a different agenda. 'The secretaries...