Sci 241

Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins
SCI 241
Matthew Spite

Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins
There are about 15 vitamins, essential for humans which are fat soluble and water soluble vitamins. Fat soluble vitamins are A, D, E and K. Water soluble vitamins are vitamin C and B, which are known as complex group vitamins. They are essential for the body’s functions. Since no single food contains all the essential vitamins you need, you must obtain them through a variety of foods.
Fat soluble vitamins are stored in the body for a long period of time, and they do not need to be replenished every day. Eating an excess of fat-soluble vitamins will pose a risks to your body’s health. Here are some of the functions, benefits, deficiency risks, and toxicity risks of fat soluble vitamins.
Vitamin A is an important vitamin for healthy eyes and skin, and helps to build your teeth and bones. Some excellent dietary sources of vitamin A are carrots, spinach, bell peppers, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, turnip greens, tomatoes, green beans, and beef liver. A deficiency of Vitamin A will cause, mild night blindness, diarrhea, impaired vision, and severe inflammation of the eyes, keratinization of skin and eyes. Eating too much of vitamin A will cause, nausea, irritability, blurred vision, and growth retardation, loss of hair, bone pain, increased pressure in the skull, skin changes.
Vitamin D helps the body in building teeth and bones. According to Colorado State University Extension, “Vitamin D is needed by the body for the absorption and use of calcium, and vitamin D also regulates the body's use of phosphorous. While vitamin D can be by skin being exposed to sunlight, those with limited time in the sun, should eat a balanced diet with adequate amounts of vitamin D.” (2012) excellent food sources of vitamin D are salmon, cod liver oil, mackerel, fortified breakfast cereals, eggs, and milk. A deficiency of Vitamin D will cause: severe rickets in children and osteomalacia...