Philosphy of Person Centred Counselling

Assessment Criteria 1.1 – Analyse the philosophy of one major therapeutic model
In relation to: -It’s Origins – Historical Development to present day and the people influential in its development.
The therapeutic model I will look at in Person-Centred Therapy, this was developed by an American Psychologist, Carl Rogers in the 1940’s   who was one of the founder of humanistic psychology and at that time there were only two ways of getting help, from either the Behaviourists or the Psychoanalyst approaches. Rogers decided he wanted a more faciltive approach than these, he saw the difficulties arrising from specific problems, and they tended to treat the parts of a person instead of the whole of the person. Behaviourists take the reductionist approach when looking at what parts of a person they can ‘fix ‘ and the psychoanalysts believed that the key to fixing the client were to look at what their childhood was like because they believed that all problems could be fixed.
Rogers was born in 1902 in Oak Park, Chicargo, he started working as a psychologist in New York at the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, after a while he decided it wasnt right for him he particularly disliked the fact that all they seemed to emphasise was on testing and treatment. He began to develope his own theories and different ways of working with clients. Psychology at that time consisted of treating people as objects to be mended rather than as individual’s deseving of understanding and respect.   Rogers revolutionisned the study of counselling in the 1940’s & 1950’s   was the first person in histroy to record and publish complete cases of psychotherapy.He developed a theory of counselling and personal change that could be tested through further research and clinical experience.
Rogers approach was influenced by the theory and techniques of Otto Rank who saw people as being caught in a conflict of ‘will to health’ against ‘will to illness’ The aim of his therapy was to...