The Person Centred Model of Counselling

Critically appraise the key concepts and principles of the theory and practice of the person centred approach including its validity and relevance in current society. Demonstrate how this model will be personally applied to improve practice.
In this essay I am going to talk about key figures in the development of person centred counselling, its relevance in today’s society, and the main key concepts that form the backbone of the person centred approach. I am also going to give my opinions on its effectiveness and how it has changed my outlook.  
An American called Carl Rogers was the main person involved in developing person-centred therapy in the late 1920s.He initially followed the Freudian views at that time, but soon began to think that there was a better way. In his earlier years Rogers referred to it as non-directive therapy, this was to separate his new ways from other therapeutic approaches around at that time. He then developed this into client centred therapy in the 1940-50s, as he became more aware that the client was at the centre of the healing process,“ a self- directed process facilitated   moving by another”.(Rogers)

In person centred therapy it is the client who decides which direction to take, in terms of what they would like to discuss, the therapist is only there to help the client work through their issues by asking informal questions that help them to look more closely at themselves and their decisions. By doing this the client can identify their own way of moving forward.
“The central truth for Rogers was that the client knows best. It is the client who knows what hurts and where the pain lies and it is the client who, in the final analysis, will discover a way forward.”                           D Mearns & B Thorne p1 (2007)

Although Rogers was the main developer of this theory, he did have a lot of outside influences from people he worked with, such as Nathaniel Raskin and Eugene Gendlin. These were people that he gathered...