Part 1

Policy I: Rural Health Care
Clay Layne
HCS / 455
July 24, 2011
James McKenzie

Rural Health Care
      Rural health tends to be overshadowed by larger urban communities. The health care providers and patients in rural communities are faced by obstacles that are different from urban areas. Rural communities in America are challenged with unique factors of disparities that are not found in urban areas (National Rural Health Association, 2011). Some factors are education, economics, cultural, social, and lack of support from legislators. In the rural America community there are less than 10 percent of physicians practicing (National Rural Health Association, 2011). Residents in this type of community are less likely to have health care and prescription drug coverage by their employer (National Rural Health Association, 2011). Rural residents income tend to be very low than working middle class. Many of these residents rely heavily on government assistance and food stamps (National Rural Health Association, 2011). Health care providers that accepts medicare are paid much less than their urban counterparts. There also have been increases to the death rate due to the distance involved. For example the time and distance of a car crash, the call for help and the arrival of the EMS in a rural area is critical. 
      The National Rural Health Association was formed in 1980 to help develop awareness and new policy to help improve rural health (National Rural Health Association, 2011). The National Rural Health Association (NRHA) defines rural based on the purpose of the program that are needed, used, and reference to programmatic designations (National Rural Health Association, 2011). The program targets rural providers, rural residents and rural communities for the reason to be guided to selecting the criteria of programmatic designations which each one have its own statistical validity (National Rural Health Association, 2011).The National Rural Health Association...