Juvenile and Adult Courts: a Comparative Analysis

Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary
Tania Iversen
CJA/384 – Criminal Organizations
May 22, 2014
Ron Furtado

Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary
Within the criminal justice field, there are two different types of organizations; bureaucratic and patron-client organizations. This paper will discuss how these two organizations are similar, yet different. Patron-client organizations typically choose to break the law, bureaucratic organizations typically enforce laws. Although there are many differences between these two organizations, they also share some similarities.
Patron-Client Organizations
Patron-Client Organizations are groups of criminals that unite together to establish specific connections that would benefit the groups clients later on. They are structured to run with just one leader and its members are to follow the chain of command. If an order is given, it has to come from the leader and then it is passed down through the ranks of its members. However, in order to become a member of a patron-client organization, everyone has to be initiated. When it comes to the lowest level of these organizations, it creates somewhat of a spider web effect, therefore allowing the higher members a chance to keep somewhat hidden and out of sight of law enforcement. By having the lower, less ranking members of the organization carry out the “dirty work,” these organizations are able to continue daily operations without any problems (Lyman & Potter, 2007).  
Bureaucratic Organizations
Bureaucratic organizations are groups that are more formal and consist of tougher regulations, procedures, and practices. This is unlike the patron-client organization because without administrative approval, low ranking members may not make any decisions. This is referred to as the “red tape rule,” meaning administration must process formal documentation before processing all major decisions. In patron-client organizations, lower level members can make small...