Comparative Analysis of Planning System of Pakistan and Malaysia


Planning control of the cities by local authorities involve policies, guidelines, standards which have to be considered in the decision making. Building and Development control is an important factor to control overall activities in the city as well as to maintain the healthy environment and aesthetic of the city. Control over such a wide range of activity involves a huge amount of information such as layout of housing scheme, road and drainage system, composition and distribution of population, distribution of land use and so forth. Unfortunately, these data are often inaccessible even to the local administrators, the main reason being the information management system which is based on manual filing system, making retrieval of information difficult and time consuming and hence contributing to the inefficiency of Local Planning Authority.


Malaysia is a Muslim country situated in Southeast Asia  with a total area 329,845 square kilometers (127,354 sq mi).  Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of malaysia. Malaysia’s population in 2008 was recorded as 2.8 million with a growth rate of 2.4%.   The country is separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo (also known as East Malaysia).  Malaysia borders Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, and Brunei.

Malaysia as a unified state did not exist until 1963. Previously, the United Kingdom had established influence in colonies in the territory from the late 18th century. The western half of modern Malaysia was composed of several separate kingdoms. This group of colonies was known as British Malaya until its dissolution in 1946, when it was reorganized as the Malayan Union. Due to widespread opposition, it was reorganized again as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and later gained independence on 31 August 1957.   Singapore, Sarawak, British North Borneo, and the Federation of Malaya merged to form Malaysia on 16 September 1963. Tensions in the early years...