Juvenile and Adult Court

Juvenile and adult court
There are a lot of differences between juvenile court and adult court. In a lot of places the terminology that they use during the proceedings are different. In adult court you have phrases like Bail hearing, Trial, Complaint or Indictment, Defendant, Verdict and guilty. When it comes to juvenile court the same phrases above are said in a different manor like these, Detention hearing, Fact-finding hearing, Petition, Respondent, Adjudication and Delinquent or Involved. In adult court you will be put in front of a jury and a judge but when you are under the age of 18 and being convicted of a crime it is usually just a judge that hears the case and then he or she will decide whether or not you are guilty. There are some really big differences in the procedure. Another difference is that bail is usually not granted to minors.   To get out of custody before adjudication, the minor will have to prove that they are not a flight risk and they will also have to show that they are not a danger to the community. Also, Juvenile court is closed to the general public this includes the media. For smaller offenses, the consequences for the minors may be worse than what they are for the adults. Minors tend to be places in probation longer periods than adults. The conditions of their probation can be more obnoxious as well with things such as curfews, getting adequate grades, behaving respectfully to parents the list goes on and on with the different things they can and will do when it comes to minors on probation. On the other hand, minors who are found delinquent in serious cases and incarcerated may be better off than adults since their sentences will typically en when they are in their twenties where as an adult may receive life in prison for the same crime. Sometimes minor are tried in adult court if the crime is very serious, something like rape or murder. This will usually happen to somewhat older minors aged from thirteen to seventeen.