Health and Social Care

Unit 514 Safeguarding and Protection of vulnerable adults

1 Understand the legislation, regulations and policies that underpin the protection of vulnerable adults.
      1.1 Analyse the difference between the concept of safeguarding and the concept of protection in relation to vulnerable adults.
Safeguarding was defined in the Children’s act of 1989 and the joint chief inspectors report on Arrangements to safeguard Children 2002 as meaning that ‘Agencies and organisations working with children and young people take all reasonable measures to ensure the risks of harm to the persons welfare are minimised, and where there are concerns, working to agreed policies and procedures, working in partnership with other agencies’.
The term ‘safeguarding practices’ is most commonly applied to children and young people under the age of 18 and is further differentiated in some texts where ‘children’ refers to those under 18 who are still in full time education and ‘young people’ as those under 18 who have left full time education.
With respect to adults, key aspects of legislation include similar standards of protection to ‘vulnerable adults’ is defined as an individual aged 18 or over who depends on others for assistance with the respect to basic functions or who has a severe impairment in the ability to communicate and therefore a reduced ability to protect themselves from assault, abuse or neglect. But there is a debate about the difference in definitions which seem to surround this subject.
The Department of Health’s definition of a vulnerable adult refers to a person who ‘maybe in the need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness, and who is or may be unable to care for him or herself, or unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation’. (DOH 2000).
This definition does seem to identify groups of people such as the elderly as being vulnerable and we may find this unacceptable. It is, after all, the...