Buildings are built for a purpose: schools for education, offices for work, theatres for culture. Each building is a blend of form and function - to be aesthetically pleasing as well as to fulfill the purpose for which it was created. Foundations do not typically contribute to the architectural aesthetics of a building. Yet, without suitable foundations, a building will not function effectively, will be unsafe and its architectural merits will rapidly fade.
Foundations must be designed to ensure that, under a wide range of defined loading conditions, movements of the supported structures are kept within acceptable bounds. Foundations are also required to ensure the robustness and safety of the structure in earthquakes, or due to ground collapse brought about by geological or man-made features and seasonal or tree-induced ground movements.
Materiality in architecture is the concept of, or applied use of various materials or substances in the medium of building. Material is a relative term in architectural design and so may be used to designate materials which are considered to be virtual, (such as photographs, images or text) or other materials which are natural. Materiality in architecture is not limited to theoretical positions on the perceived materiality of images, texts, or other objects of representation. It may refer to the materiality of specific projects, where one would need to consider the full range of materials used.
Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use, some more and some less synthetic. The manufacture of building materials is an established industry in many countries and the use of these materials is typically segmented into specific speciality trades, such as carpentry, plumbing, roofing and insulation...