The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities.

The right of different groups of people to have a similar social position and receive the same treatment:

Equality means making sure everyone is able to take part and have the same opportunities as others to get the best from their lives and achieve their potential without fear of discrimination or prejudice. No one should have less of an opportunity because of where they were born, who or what they are and what they believe and though no two people can ever be the same it is making sure they are given equal opportunity to accessing rights, choices and resources no matter their gender, race, age, sexual orientation, religious belief or cultural differences.


A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.

Stereotyping is when characteristics involving things such as race, age or sex that are associated with a particular group are applied to the people seen to be of that group, unfairly leading to the belief that all people with a particular characteristic are the same.


Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.

An preconceived opinion formed by what we believe, or are taught to believe, about someone which may not be either reasonable or even based on actual facts or experiences but we still believe to be true.


Labelling is to assume a person belongs to a certain group by categorising them because of the way they look, act or dress and then stereotyping them into that group.

Protected Characteristics

Protected characteristics are the grounds upon which discrimination is unlawful. These characteristics are: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation. In schools, discrimination on grounds of age and marriage and civil...