Childhood from 4 to 7 years

Physical development

• Learn to run fast
• Walks unassisted up and downstairs, alternative feet
• Can balance on small areas
• Throw and catch a large ball
• Able to ride a small bike with training assists
• Able to jump or hop and play games
• Able to build blocks (i.e. Lego)
• Demonstrates control of pens and pencils used for colouring
• Has control to write their name
• Control when using scissors
• Can easily dress and undress themselves

Communication and intellectual development

• Speech is fluent and used correctly, uses up to 1500 words, talk a lot
• Produce sentences and uses past tense
• Identifies simple words and understands colours symbols, letters and numbers and can count up to 100, can read.
• Can give their full name, age, birthday and address
• Able to answer phone
• Able to tell story while looking at picture of book
• Enjoys jokes, singing and rhymes
• If told a new work ask the meaning of it
• Draws man with head, body, arms legs and features, and will draw house then colour pictures neatly.
• Able to carry on adult conversations, asks lots of questions

Social emotional and behavioural development

• Enjoys and often has one or two focus friendships
• Take part in group play
• Has a greater sense of reasoning and co-operation
• Needs a lot of comfort and reassurance from adults as they like to be liked
• Likes entertain people and making them laugh
• Uses language rather than tantrums or physical aggressions to express displeasure
• Fears can develop ( i.e. dark, ghosts, things under the bed)
• More independent and confident and greater understanding of what is right and wrong
• Anxious to please
• Has mood swings