Early Greek and Roman Education

Ancient Greece is where the foundations of western civilizations arose.   Both education and daily life were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states. The Athens and the Sparta became the greatest naval powers of Greece that time and developed all domains of culture, including philosophy, music, drama, rhetorics and a new regime, democracy. These fields continue to influence the world today.

The Spartan education aimed for military skills, loyal soldiers and discipline among its people as they should be invisible in war.   Methods of education was training and participation. During stern disciplinary training, food was   scarce hence theft was not a crime until caught.   Consequently, a Sparta will be harshly punished.   There were rivalry, imitation of eminent men and great deeds to motivate the Spartans.   There was patriotism through music education.   The desire to have a skilled citizen in the war is beneficial for a country.   Yet, I would rather think that a country could   have a person with interrelation skills who shall be an emissary for peace talks.   Somehow, living in the old days is far more difficult than today.   Today is the result of the continuing pursuit of the ancient and later civilizations for a revolutionized states.  
The Athenian education centered on building good citizenship where individual excellence in wisdom, beauty, and strength for public usefulness were of great importance.   Ancient Athens was the leading cultural center of the Greek world.   Many philosophers, writers, orators, architects, and the list could go on, that Athenian education created.   Athens practiced democracy in developing all human capacities.   I believe in democracy.   It is essential in developing the various facets that an individual may have.  
Ancient Roman education was utilitarian, not theory but application and practice.   They emphasized a practical training   for military life and citizenship.   After awhile, they...