Greek and Roman Cultures

Shandrika Sutton
Unit 1 IP
Greek & Roman Cultures

Comparison between Greece and Rome | Rome Differences | Greece Differences |
Greece and Rome are both Mediterranean countries. | Rome is located on a plain that borders on the east with mountains and on the west by the sea. | Greece is located on an irregular coastline in which the mountain terrain of the Greek peninsula isolates various Greek city-states from one another. |
Both cultures began their history as city-states. | Rome was easily exposed to migrations and invasions of people in the north by the Po River and in the south by Sicily. | Greek city-states had to be united by force. |
Rivers and Oceans were used as forms of trade. Agriculture was the stimulant of the economy. | Romans brought communities that were on the Italian peninsula and controlled them. | Greek cities strictly forbidden the creation of a Greek empire. |
Greeks and Romans worked in mines and used slaves. | Many of the Roman gods’ names were changed to names that were more Roman sounding. | Greek women had no rights, no citizenship, nor free will. |
The women wore long tunics called “stola” and had no rights until almost 200 years later.   They were also considered property to their husbands. | The Romans held gladiatorial games as well as executions in arenas.   | Greeks had a more festive and artistic religion. |
Rome and Greece has Democracy as a form of government. | Romans were master sculptures. | |
Plays were performed in arenas in both Greece and Rome. | Women gained a sense of freedom to participate in daily social life, own land, run businesses, inherit wealth, and work. | |