Disease in the News- Chlamydia

Disease in the news- Chlamydia
Mary Beth Anderson
November 3, 2010
Jennifer Goodrich

Disease in the news- Chlamydia
Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachometis, is the most reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States.   Left untreated Chlamydia damages reproductive organs causing irreversible complications such as infertility.   In the reviewed article, the author focuses on the growing number of Chlamydia infections among adolescents and young adults.
The author begins the article by defining Chlamydia and describing signs and symptoms of the disease which, in women, are generally mild or absent, commonly resulting in irreversible damage and possible infertility.   In men, Chlamydia can result in penile discharge with the majority remaining asymptomatic.   In relation to gender and age, women are at higher risk than men for most sexually transmitted diseases, and young women are more succeptible to Chlamydia than older women.   (Adderley, p. 52, 2005).
Next the author explains the pathophysiology of Chlamydia.   Chlamydia is an obligate, gram-negative, intracellular parasite that is similar to a bacterium but lacks the ability to reproduce independently.   (Adderley, p. 52, 2005).   In women this bacteria infects the vagina, spreading to the cervix and fallopian tubes if left untreated.   Chlamydia also affects the mouth and anus.   While these structures are shown to be succeptible to Chlamydia infection, deep tissues and organs remain unharmed.
Then the author discusses the threat Chlamydia poses to young adults.   Although Chlamydia does not receive as much attention in the media as AIDS, it is potentially a more serious threat to teenagers.   (Adderley, p. 53, 2005).   Girls have a higher infection rate than boys with ages 15-19 showing highest infection rates.
Next the author explains diagnostic procedures for Chlamydia.   With this infection, delayed diagnosis is common relater to vague or no...