Communicable Disease

Communicable Disease Paper

Angela Lewis

HCS 457

November 1, 2010
Jeffrey Rhoades
Communicable Disease Paper
      Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that affects the genitals and also the urinary tract. It spreads very easily through sexual contact and is a very common communicable sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Chlamydia occurs most frequently in teenagers and young adults. Although chlamydia is easily detected and can be cured with antibiotics, it still continues to cause many cases of infertility in women unaware they have contracted the disease until years later (Deland, 2010).
Deland (2010) also states that when chlamydia is left untreated it can lead to several serious complications. The most common is infertility in women. Chlamydial infection can also spread to the fallopian tube, which cause scarring, and prevents future pregnancies. Chlamydia also can be spread to the eyes, in which case it can eventually cause blindness. Babies born to mothers who have chlamydia can become infected when they are born.   Chlamydia infection in newborns usually affects the eyes or lungs, where it can lead to blindness or pneumonia.
      Efforts to Control
      To successful control the sexually transmitted chlamydia trachomatis infections, short of an effective vaccine; broadly based screening programs would be required. Stamm (1998), states that this conclusion stems from several observations. First, chlamydial infections are highly prevalent, especially among adolescents and young adults, and are more widely distributed throughout all socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic groups than other communicable bacterial sexually transmitted diseases.   Second, most chlamydial infections do not cause symptoms in women and in many men. Third, chlamydial infections may persist for months, once acquired, resulting in a long period of potential transmission. Finally, these infections are treatable but if left untreated can cause pelvic inflammatory...