Child Development

The rate of development can depend on the amount of stimuli and the interaction given to the child.  Environmental factors and relationships, at first parental and later with peers can have an effect on emotional development. 

Reflexes – swallowing, routing and sucking
Grasp reflex
Head falls back when child is sat up.   When held in a sitting position the head falls forward, back curved.
When lay on back limbs are bent.
When on it’s front the newborn will get into the foetal position, knees up.   The newborn cannot lift its head or stretch out it’s limbs.
The pupils react to light and when the child is held up the eyes open.   Sudden sounds cause the eyes to open wide or blink as can focus on objects within a meters distance.  They show a preference for human faces over other objects.  Recognition of mother’s voice as familiar.  Cannot hold own head up right.  Hold thumbs under fingers.  Open eyes when held upright.  Attentive to lights or shiny objects.  Blink in response to movement or sound but cannot hear very soft sounds.  Sensitive to sudden movements and change in position.   a reaction to being startled.   Bright lights cause the eyes to shut.

Bonding with caregiver.   Use whole body movement to communicate pleasure and displeasure.  Display pleasure when embraced or breast fed.  Respond to speech with an expression of concentration, later with a smile.  At first smiling is involuntary but by two months the child will smile in response to a recognised face.  They try to imitate facial expressions.  Cry to express needs such as hunger.   

Cries vary in their pitch and length of time.

1 month

When lay on its front the child can now lift its chin and when lay on its back can move head from side to side.   Is able to flex its limbs and hands make a fist.   Eyes follow dangling objects.

Watches mothers face and facial expressions.   Is becoming more alert.   May smile but...