Chapter 2



This chapter presents the related literature and studies after the thorough and in-depth search done by the researchers. This will also present the synthesis of the art, theoretical and conceptual framework to fully understand the research to be done and lastly the definition of terms for better comprehension of the study.
Related Literature
All computer scientists who have done work in or are interested in electronic voting seem to agree that online voting does not meet the requirements for public elections and that the current widely-deployed voting systems need improvement.
Voting on the Internet has disadvantages based on the areas of secrecy and protection against coercion and/or vote selling.   It's such a truly bad idea that there seems to be no credible academic effort to deploy it at all.   The Kenyan General elections of 2007 brought national attention to problems with current methods of casting and counting votes in public elections.   Most people believe that the current system should be changed; there is much disagreement on how such changes should be made.c really can't trust any code which we did not create ourselves. Therefore, they tend to be extremely suspicious of proprietary voting machines and their makers who insist that we should “just trust [them].”
Neumann gives a list of suggestions for "generic voting criteria" which suggests that a voting system should be so hard to tamper with and so resistant to failure that no commercial system is likely to ever meet the requirements, and developing a suitable custom system would be extremely difficult and prohibitively expensive.
A voting machine must produce human-readable hardcopy paper results, which can be verified by the voter before the vote is cast, and manually recounted later if necessary.  
David Chaum presents a very interesting scheme, whereby voters could get receipts for their votes.   This receipt would allow them to know...