Building Constructiion


Any training room suitable for the purpose.

Illustrated lecture by a qualified person.

Time Allocated
45 minutes.

Instructor Notes.


Reference documents

T.A.P Elements
TAPS 1.1,1.2,1.6,1.7,2.7,2.8,2.9,2.10,2.13,2.13,2.15,2.19,2.25

NVQ Level 3

To introduce the student to the more common building materials and elements of structure.

(slide 4)
At the end of this session the student will be able to:
  1. Describe the different building materials and their properties.
  2. Explain the properties that influence the behaviour of building materials during a fire.
  3. Explain the loads applied to a building.

(slide 5)
It is important that fire fighters have an elementary knowledge of buildings and their construction and the materials used to assist them to recognise: -

  a. How and where a fire is likely to spread
  b. Where and when a collapse may occur
  c. Where a fire may be stopped
  d. Where it is safe to work

(slide 6)
The chief properties, which influence the behaviour of building materials during a fire, are:

  (a) Combustibility
  (b) Ignitability
  (c) Fire Propagation
  (d) Rate of surface spread of flames

  (a)   Combustibility
                                      * Materials are said to be combustible if they burn, or incombustible if they do not burn.   It should be realised, however, that under certain condition, many materials, which are usually thought of as being incombustible, can be made to burn; for instance, iron and steel will burn in pure oxygen.
  (b)   Ignitability
                                      * Some materials can be more easily ignited than other, celluloid for example, ignites readily but wood less easily, although the ignitability of wood depends on whether the wood is in the form of shavings or...