Assessment and Learning

Introduction to Assessment for Learning :
Assessment for learning focuses on the gap between where a learner is in their learning, and where they need to be in their learning cycle.
There are two main purposes of assessment.
1.   For the student to receive multiple attempts to practice and to demonstrate understanding of a specific topic or   subject content.   Timely feedback from the teacher helps the student to develop necessary skills and improve his/ her achievement.
2.   For the teacher   to analyze student progress for the purpose of modifying and refining the teaching/learning activities to better meet student needs.
There are three types of assessment, diagnostic, formative, and summative.

Diagnostic assessment occurs at the beginning of the teaching/learning cycle. This type of assessment will provide the teacher with an understanding of the prior knowledge and skills a student brings to a unit, as well as the strengths and specific learning needs of an individual or groups of students in relation to the expectations that will be taught.
Diagnostic assessment is conducted prior to and during teaching and learning to determine:
  * what existing knowledge, skills, attitudes, interests, and/or needs the student has
  * the range of individual differences
  * what program plans and/or modifications are required to meet the needs of individuals or groups of students

Formative assessment is an ongoing collection of information that occurs throughout the day/unit/term that enables teachers to track, support and guide students' continuous progress and improvement towards achievement of the expectations. It is this ongoing assessment that determines what the student knows and is able to do and can apply, and points to the next steps for teaching and learning.
Formative assessment is conducted throughout teaching and learning to:
  * keep the teacher and students focused on the purpose of the lesson/activity/unit/program
  * provide information...