Analysis of Regional Strategy on Somalia

The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the Comprehensive Regional Strategy on Somalia:   A Strategy for U.S Engagement addressing the desired end state, the associated “Ways” and “Means” as specified in the strategy.   In addition, the risk of the strategy is assessed using Yarger’s article on Strategic Theory.
The desired outcome of the U.S. Policy towards Somalia is to rebuild its country and provide regional stability.   To achieve this, National Foreign-Policy states several objectives to obtain this end state.   These objectives include eliminating Somali terrorist threat, addressing humanitarian needs, and transform their government and promote economic growth.
Strategic and operational concepts define three ways the US plans to meets its foreign-policy objectives: (1) utilizing and encouraging political dialogue between the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFI) and related key Somali-stakeholders; (2) deployment of an African stabilization force, and (3) mobilize international assistance that builds TFI governance capacity.   These objectives are geared towards security and political purpose.   Each of these three “ways” has its own distinct means to accomplish it.
Political Dialogue
First, political dialog must be initiated by Transitional Federal Government (TFG) leaders that will ultimately need to be sustained with Somali officials and key groups through inclusive dialogue and reconciliation.   The US can utilize its political capabilities to encourage President Adbullahi Yusuf Aluned and TFG leaders toward this process.   Second, the US reaches out to Islamists and moderate groups not incorporated into the defunct Council of Islamic Courts in an effort to support a non-violent means of resolving conflict.
Deployment of an African Stabilization Force
Stabilizing the southern Somalian region is the most important objective as it will provide a secure environment for political dialogue to take course.   It is also a shared objective...