Y183 Tma 1

                                                                                                                                                                      TMA 01                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Task 1: Essay
There are many ways that as adults we can improve our memory and organise our thoughts. This essay will discuss how mental images, concepts and schemas are just a few of the ways that can help us do that.
As adults, most of our thinking is done in words- meaning we word our thoughts rather than picture them. However, many experiments have shown that a person will recall verbal and written information much better if a mental image of that information is also formed. Connecting information to a mental image, the more colourful and bizarre the better, causes the brain to create a visual prompt, thus recalling the information more efficiently. The mental image is a ‘cue’ for the brain to recall the connected stored information. This type of mental image thinking is called the ‘Key word technique’. It is a highly effective way of recalling information. It has also proven very useful when learning new languages. For example, the French word ‘Poubelle’ (pronounced ‘Poohbell’) translates to ‘bin’ in English. To use the key word technique, the first thing to do is to think of an English word that sounds like French one. In the Y183 course book (pg. 46) the example used was a person lifting a lid off a bin shaped like a ‘bell’ holding their nose because it smelled like ‘pooh’. This may sound complicated but the practise of it is much simpler and very effective. This was proven by Michael Raugh and Richard Atkinson (1975), who developed the key word technique. They carried out an experiment in which they asked...