Y166 Tma1


      TASK 1

      Laws are made and classified in a number of ways?   Do you agree with this statement?


      Laws are made and classified in a number of ways.   Do you agree with this statement?

      The definition of law can be defined as “a set of rules created by the state which forms a framework to ensure a peaceful society.   If the rules are broken they can be enforced by mechanisms created by the state and sanctions imposed”.   This definition covers some of the key features of the law in the United Kingdom (UK) and this essay will help to analyse how laws are made and classified.

      Statues, acts or Acts of Parliament are the known names by which the UK Parliament makes laws.   All acts of the UK Parliament must originate from one of three forms: public bills, private members bill, private bills.   This begins the process of a proposal for a piece of legislation.   Several stages of debate, discussion and consideration take place between the House of Commons and the House of Lords regarding the bill with an agreement being reached on every word of the final text.

      The monarch will then give consent at the final stage to all bills before they can become law, known as royal assent.   The Parliament Act 1949 laid down some rules that if at any stage the House of Lords and House of Commons cannot agree on a bill the House of Commons takes precedence over the House of Lords, due to the House of Commons being directly and democratically elected.

      It is likely that a person or body will be given authority by Parliament to make laws; this is known as subordinate legislation.   The forms in which this can take include: statutory instruments, by-laws and orders in council.   The UK Parliament controls this by various means including supervision and consultation but it relies on those with detailed technical knowledge and flexibility to create acts or amend them if required.

      On some instances...