View Points

View Points
Athena Falconer
February 22, 2016
University of Phoenix, Shelia Porter, MIAE1JSDO0

View Points
There are many forms of management that go into making a successful business. According to Kinicki (2016), “management is defined as the pursuit of organizational goals efficiently and effectively.” Management is influencing workers to perform together to achieve a particular objective. Whether it be using a classical, behavioral, quantitative, system, contingency, or quality viewpoints. These evolving viewpoints are what have paid off in yesterdays and today's management outlook.
Managers who take on the behavioral viewpoint understand how people work and how they are mentally motivated. Behavioral management “emphasizes its importance to understand human behavior and motivation, and using that motivation to achieve specific goals” (Kinicki, 2016).   The behavioral viewpoint was constructed with three phases. The first, in which was pioneered by Mary Parker Follett, Elton Mayo, and Hugo Munsterberg. Early behaviorism suggests a phycologists point of view, in which one can contribute in three ways. One, management studies jobs and the individuals to determine which people are best suited for which particular job. Two, management identifies psychological conditions which workers can do their best. Lastly, management uses a nonhierarchical strategy to influence workers to follow suit and work in harmony.
The second phase was pioneered by Abraham Maslow and Douglas McGregor. According to Maslow and McGregor, “the human relations movement proposed that better human relations could increase work productivity (Kinicki, 2016).” Managers have come to recognize that it is not important to be liked, but to be more aware of the attitude one presents towards their employees. Micromanaging is less likely to drive employees to succeed, but having an optimistic and positive view can drive job satisfaction and lead to greater quality.
The third...