Explore the Links Between Self-Awareness and at Least One of the Core Conditions

Explore the links between Self-awareness and at least one of the core Conditions

In this essay I will focus on the Three Core Conditions which were founded by Carl Rogers. These core conditions are believed to be fundamental and paramount to utilise in the person centred approach to counselling, as mentioned in the book ‘A Way of Being’
(Carl Rogers 1980)

Carl Rogers recognised the three core conditions needed to be linked together to achieve the facilitation of learning, change and growth. The three core conditions are Empathy, Congruence and Unconditional Positive Regard.

I will attempt to explore the links between self-awareness and at least one of the core conditions. Giving some examples of how I use this within my work now and previously.


Empathy is to be able to understand and feel what the client is experiencing not only emotionally, but physically as well, and if the counsellor is able to portray this understanding, then this is seen as a good starting point.

Some people by nature are more empathic than others.   Empathy is required by the counsellor to understand the client from his or her point of view.   In addition for the counsellor to be able to achieve this perspective, then they must be able to identify the client’s feelings linked to this view point and successfully communicate them back to the client.   Paraphrasing can be an effective way of checking out with the client whether your understanding of the situation or issue is accurate.   Reflection is also a way for the counsellor to express empathy by getting a picture of the client’s world, issues and feelings they have faced (walking in their shoes).   It is about having an understanding of what the client is feeling inside and showing a sensitive awareness and understanding of this.

Empathy not only requires the counsellor to understand the client’s perspective, but also requires the counsellor to view the client in a broader context. For example the client’s role...