Unit 5-Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

1.1 & 1.2   - define the following types of abuse and the signs and symptoms associated with each.

Physical abuse

The term physical abuse is applied to the act of a person/s causing physical pain or injury to another person. The types of abuse that could be put into this category are:

· Hitting
· Slapping
· Punching
· Kicking
· Pinching
· Biting
· Burning/Scalding

The signs of physical abuse could include unexplainable marks to the skin including bruising, grazing, blisters from burns -these would usually found in not so visible places such as the trunk of the body or to the arms and legs, pain with no visible bruising from the ribs or abdominal area or unexplained broken bones, presence of several injuries of a variety of ages, injuries that have not received medical attention

Individuals subject to this kind of abuse may shown signs of fear in the presence of the abuser and may appear withdrawn, nervous and flinch or shy away from raised hand gestures, they may even present as over willing to please to avoid further injury.  

Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is defined as the forcing of unwanted sexual activity by one person on another, usually by way of threats or coercion. It is also sexual activity that is deemed improper or harmful, this for example could be a sexual act between an adult and a minor or with a person with out the mental capacity to give consent to the act.

Sexual abuse can occur in both physical contact and non-physical forms, the types of abuse that could fall within these categories are:

· Touching an individual’s genitals or private parts for sexual purposes
· Forcing an individual to touch someone else’s genitals or play sexual games
· Putting objects or body parts (like fingers, tongue, or penis) in the vagina, mouth, or anus of an individual
· Forcing an individual to view pornography
· Deliberately exposing an adult’s genitals to another individual
· Photographing an individual in...