Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in health and social care

1.1     Define the following types of abuse:

* Physical abuse - Hitting, slapping, pushing, pinching, kicking and burning. Leaving people to sit in own urine and faeces and forcing them to eat or take medication.
* Sexual abuse - Unwanted advances, indecent exposure or harassment, rough washing or touching of the genital area, rape, being forced to watch or participate in sexual acts.
* Emotional/psychological abuse - intimidation, not being included or ignored, threats, bullying, humiliating and blaming.
* Financial abuse - using an individual’s money without their permission or on items they have not requested. not giving correct change back to individual, misuse of property, possessions or benefits.
* Institutional abuse - poor care in to residents in care homes and day centres, Food and special dietary requirements not being followed and rooms and clothing not being cleaned.
* Self neglect - Individual not looking after themselves i.e. not washing, not eating
* Neglect by others - Inadequate care or denial of an individual's basic rights.

    Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.

* Physical abuse - Unexplained bruises, scratches, cuts, fractures, broken bones and teeth.
* Sexual abuse - Bruises around genital area, recurrent genital or urinary infections.
* Emotional/psychological abuse - Individual appearing afraid or worried, reluctance of individual to be around alleged abuser.
* Financial abuse - unexplained changes to spending pattern, family unwilling to pay for services, although individual has sufficient funds, sudden change of will.
* Institutional abuse - Individuals not eating or getting dressed properly, being kept in their rooms and not interacting with anyone else.
* Self neglect - Individual gaining or losing weight, using drugs and alcohol.
* Neglect by others - Neglect happens when the appropriate people fail to act...