Unit 331

Unit 331
Within child and young person’s development there theorists who have contributed research into the area.
The first theorist to look at is Vygotsky and his theory on the zone of proximal development, this has been defined as "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky). His research basically suggest there is a point of what is known by the child, and a point of what is not known by a child and in-between is this zone of where skills/knowledge is too difficult to understand and progress by the child on their own but with guidance of an adult or more knowledgeable person they can progress.
The next theory is the hierarchy of needs who has been researched by Maslow who suggests that there are 5 levels, often shown as a pyramid, of needs. Starting at the bottom of the pyramid are the most basic needs and going up to the more complex are these 5 categories:
Physiological –
The basic physiological needs are fairly apparent – these include the things that are vital to our survival. Some examples of the physiological needs include food, water, breathing,
Safety –
As we move up to the second level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the requirements start to become a bit more complex. At this level, the needs for security and safety become primary. People want control and order in their lives, so this need for safety and security contributes largely to behaviours at this level. Some of the basic security and safety needs include Financial security, Health and wellness, Safety against accidents and injury.
Love/Belonging –
The social needs in Maslow’s hierarchy include such things as love, acceptance and belonging. At this level, the need for emotional relationships drives human behaviour. Some of the things that satisfy this need include...