Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment

Unit 301: Understanding the principles and practices of assessment

Question 1 (AC 1.2)
Assessment is a process to find out what knowledge or understanding a learner has at a specific point. This knowledge is assessed against set criteria, giving the assessor and learner a measured understanding of their progress or current level.
There are a variety of concepts of assessment, some of these are accountability, achievement, transparency and assessment types. Accountability of the assessor is the requirement to inform the learner what the assessment criteria is and what they must do to fulfil this. If the assessor is assessing against criteria of an awarding body, they must ensure they follow appropriate procedures. Any achievement data produced by the assessment process must be compared against targets set by your place of work or awarding body. The learner must be made aware of the assessment process, how any decisions relating to this will be made and how feedback will be given. The transparency of this will ensure the assessor is fulfilling their obligation to the learner. The types of assessment are initial (at the start), formative (on-going and continuous), summative (at the end), formal (validated externally), in formal (practice or trial) and holistic (whole approach).
Main principles of assessment are validity, reliability, fairness and practicality. Assessments must be appropriate for their intended purpose. They must assess the right skills and allow the learner to demonstrate the necessary range of knowledge and skills.
The same conditions of assessment should be adhered to for all learners and that work produced out with supervised conditions is authenticated and judged to be the work of the learner. This process is supported by clarity in marking guidance combined with centre standardisation. Assessment procedures should be practicable and manageable to deliver in terms of time and resources and be clear and not disadvantage any student....