To Protect & to Serve

Natalya Lenger
30 January 2009

Collecting Evidence on Criminal Investigators

    In the beginning there were no men or women in blue suits with guns or badges, in fact there was almost no law enforcement at all. “In many ancient societies, the military forces served as the police” (World Book par. 1). One example of this was in ancient Rome, where the military rulers were in charge of enforcing the laws. When Augustus became emperor of Rome in 27 B.C., he formed a nonmilitary force of police, which came to be known as the vigiles. Apart from keeping the peace in the community, the vigiles were also in charge of fighting fires. “During the A.D. 800’s, England developed a system of law enforcement based on citizen responsibility” where the communities were divided into tithings, which were groups of ten families (World Book par. 2). The males of the families, usually older than sixteen years of age, would take turns standing watch duty. When serious crimes were committed, all the men of the village would chase and capture the criminal. Later in 1750, a London judge and author, named Henry Fielding, created a group of law enforcement officials called the Bow Street Runners. The purpose of this group was to run to the scene of a crime, capture the criminal, and begin the investigation. The first form of a true police force was created by Sir Robert Peel, a British statesman, in 1829, when he founded the London Metropolitan Police.   The force “was established along military lines, and its officers were carefully selected and trained” (World Book par. 4). The public began calling the officers bobbies, after Sir Robert, and are still called that today. When the pilgrims first traveled to America from England the villages and towns of New England established the same watch system which was used in England during the A.D. 800’s. In England each county was called a shire, and each chief of law enforcement was headed by a reeve, or chief. The word for the chief of...