Tma 4 Dse212


‘Memory is a constructive and active process’. Evaluate this claim, drawing upon evidence from Chapter 8. of Book 1, Mapping psychology
Word limit: 1500 words.

Memory is essentially the capacity for storing and retrieving information. Three processes are involved in memory: encoding, storage, and retrieval. All three of these processes determine whether something is remembered or forgotten.   Each of these processes can be broken down into further methods to best manage the information the brain is trying to store, code or retrieve.   The idea that memory is a constructive and active process is highly investigated by many theorists and psychologists, and there have been many experiments to try and come to a definite conclusion.

In order to evaluate this claim it is necessary to look at some of the research that has been carried out on memory. Most of the relevant research findings support the theory that memory is indeed a constructive and dynamic system.   It is also important however to look at how much of what we store in our memory is down to active and conscious energy and how much information is absorbed in a passive and automatic way.

Without our memories, humans would not be able to function properly. It is a necessary and vital part of everyday life. It is therefore important to psychologists that they understand how it functions. The research done so far has broken memory down into three kinds of processes. Encoding is when experiences and information acquired through the senses are stored in the memory. The Storage processes are responsible for retaining the stored information so that it is not forgotten. The Retrieval system is responsible for pulling information out of the memory store in order to remember it (Brace and Roth, 2007).

Since William James (1890) first proposed theories of primary and secondary memories various information processing models have stimulated a substantial body of research.   These approaches broadly...