Theories That Underpin Pleasning to Critically Analyse Outstanding Pedagogy

Theory Into Practice
Volume 52, Supplement 1, 2013
Special Issue: Fifty Years of Theory Into Practice: Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future
Anita Woolfolk Hoya, Heather A. Davisb & Eric M. Andermana
pages 9-21

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Published online: 25 Jul 2013
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A Brief Overview of Approaches to Learning
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  * A Brief Overview of Approaches to Learning
  * Historical View of Learning Theories...
  * Behavioral Approaches To Learning Across The...
  * Cognitive Approaches to Learning Across the...
  * Constructivism Approaches to Learning...
  * Sociocultural Approaches to Learning Across the...
  * Multiple and Integrated Perspectives on...
  * The Future of Learning Theory Into Practice
  * Conclusion
BECAUSE LEARNING IS A COMPLEX cognitive process, there is no single best explanation of learning. Different theories of learning offer more or less useful explanations depending on what is to be explained. Drawing upon summaries from Woolfolk Hoy and Hoy (2013)52. Woolfolk Hoy, A. and Hoy, W. K. 2013. Instructional leadership: A research-based guide to learning in schools, , 4th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon..

View all references, the general categories of learning theories examined in this article are behavioral, cognitive, constructivist, and sociocultural.
Behavioral theories of learning stress observable changes in behaviors, skills, and habits. Attention is clearly on behavior. Learning is seen as a change in behavior brought about by experience, with virtually no concern for the mental or internal processes of thinking. Behavior is what people do. The intellectual underpinnings of behavioral theory rest with Skinner's (1950) operant conditioning. Functional behavioral assessment, positive behavior supports (Soodak, 200346. Soodak, L. C. 2003. Classroom management in inclusive...