Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Learning

The aim of this essay is to identify and discuss the significance of relevant theories and principles of learning and communication.   I will analyse the impact of two theories (Behaviourist and Cognitive) of learning I used in my lesson plan for delivery.   Also, I write about the impact these two approaches have in my professional development.  
I work as an ICT teacher at an accredited centre for OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) examination board, City and Guilds and eDCC (eDigital competence Certificate). At NOVA functional skills are taught to help adults to integrate into society and to build their confidence. The organisation supports its users to move on into paid or voluntary work of further education or training.
The Government’s Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency states that ‘...Functional skills are practical skills in English, information and communication technology (ICT) and mathematics. They allow individuals to work confidently, effectively and independently in life.’ :( 2010)    
A learning theory is an attempt to describe how students learn, and obviously help us to understand the complex process of learning.   Essentially, as a teacher, we need to know these theories and principles, to be able to plan and deliver a good lesson. Therefore, having that knowledge we will able to meet our students’ needs and help them to achieve their goals.  
Maslow’s hierarchy of basic needs (1962) is one of the most powerful theories about motivation which makes me understand that without motivation it is likely my student will drop out the course or learning will not take place in the appropriated manner.  
Reece et al (2007, pg87) said ‘...Maslow states that needs must be satisfied before effective learning can take place.   If a student is tired, cold and hungry then the quality of learning will be reduced...’   it is important to establish an environment which is purposeful and where students’ will feel secure, included and...