Applying Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Learning

Unit 504: Applying theories and principles for planning and enabling learning
Task 1
There are many ways in which learning can be affected.   These can be split into four categories and they will now be discussed within this assignment.  
Physical health is important because ill health hampers learning, and so can fatigue. The time of learning also influences how much new knowledge is acquired. The quantity and quality of healthy food and drink also plays a crucial part because nutrition is responsible for efficient mental activity. Poor nutrition adversely affects learning. Alcoholic drinks and caffeine, as well as tobacco, all have an adverse effect on the capacity of people to learn. Good physiological factors promote effective learning as stated by Maslow (1943).   If a student has not had their basic needs met then they cannot aim for achievement and self actualisation.   This means that they will not achieve and therefore may not become a valuable member of society with a paying job. Rogers (1951) agreed with Maslow and stated that in order to achieve they need an environment that provides them with ‘genuineness, acceptance and empathy’ (   Within FE, these areas are met by providing pastoral support, which means that students can concentrate on their course work, therefore achieving on their course.  
Psychological factors such as mental ill-health can be a barrier to learning. ‘Many found mental health problems as being particularly challenging’ ( A mental health issue within a college can be supported through a counselling service or pastoral which in turn can assist the student through their studies, helping them to achieve. Dweck   believes that a student is more likely to provide effort if they believe it will make a difference (Petty,2009, p45).   What Dweck states is that it is a learning providers job to provide motivation and meaningfulness to completing short or long term goals within education.   Becoming...