Tda 2.14

TDA 2.14:   Support children and young people at meal or snack times

1. Know the principles of healthy eating for children and young people.

1.1 Outline the nutritional requirements of a healthy diet for children and young people

A healthy diet for Children and young people of school age would include the following:
1. Vegetables 3-5 servings per day.   A serving may be one cup of raw leafy veg or ½ cup of cooked and uncooked veg
2. Fruit 3-5 servings per day.   A serving would consist of ½ cup of sliced fruit.   ¾ of a cup of fruit juice or A medium sized whole fruit such as an apple or banana.
3. Whole Grain 6-11 servings per day.   Each serving should equal one slice of bread, ½ a cup of rice or 1 ounce of cereal
4. protein   2-3 servings of 2-3 ounces of cooked lean meat, poultry or fish per day.   A serving in this may group may also consist of ½ a cup of cooked dry beans, one egg or 2 tablespoons of peanut butter for each ounce of lean meat.
5. Dairy products 2-3 servings(cups) per day of low fat milk, yoghurt or natural cheese (1.5 ounces = 1 serving)
6. zinc studies indicate that zinc may improve memory and school performance especially in boys.   Good sources of zinc include oysters, beef, pork, liver, dried beans, peas, whole grains, nuts and poultry.

1.2 Describe examples of healthy meals and snacks for children and young people.

Healthy snacks for children would include;
• Fresh fruit sliced or whole
• Dried fruit
• Carrot sticks
• Cucumber sticks
• Cheese
• Low fat yoghurt
• Sunflower seeds

Examples of a healthy meal would include
• Baked chicken with salad vegetables or rice
• Oven baked chips instead of fried
• Fish
• Brown or Wholemeal bread

Tips for healthy meals are
• Base meals on starchy foods such as potatoes, cereals, pasta and rice
• Lots of fruit and veg
• Eat more fish
• Cut down on saturated fats and sugar
• Eat less salt.

1.3 describe how culture, religion and health conditions impact on food...