Tda 1.1

TDA 1.1

Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years, to include: - physical development - communication and intellectual development – social, emotional and behavioural development

When looking at the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years, it is important to remember that each child will develop and grow at different rates. Reaching milestones at a more advanced pace or a slower pace than the broad average. This expected pattern includes physical, communication and intellectual, social, emotional and behavioral development. Physical development in children is an important area and is usually expected to happen automatically as they grow. The important areas are gross motor skills, which involve using larger muscles for walking, throwing, running, jumping. Also fine motor skills, which involve using smaller muscles for gripping, holding and getting dressed.

Babies 0-3 years develop at a fast pace, new borns have very little control over their body, their movement involve sucking for food and grasping to hold on. In their first year they learn to control their bodies from rolling to sitting up and crawling if not walking. In their second year they are growing and developing quickly and start to walk. They can now control their movement to which develops into them using their hands for pointing, holding toys, dressing and feeding themselves. They will also develop the ability to play and climb. In their third year children enjoy to use crayons to color, looking at books. They progress from bottles to cups, and are able to run around and play games with friends and use slides and tricycles. From the ages 3-7 children become confident in the activities they try out. They are able to cut, write, glue, colour within the lines. Their outdoor skills such as running, skipping, hopping, kicking ball, and climbing becomes much more skilled. From ages 7-12 children are now...