Tda 2.14 1.1

TDA 2.14
Outline the nutritional requirements of a healthy diet for children and young people.
The nutritional requirements of a healthy diet are Carbohydrates, Fruit and Vegetables, Protein, Diary and small amounts of Sugars and Fats.
A healthy diet for children should be composed of 3 meals a day and a snack covering the right amount of calories for a full day and containing the following elements:
• 30% of carbohydrates (Starchy) foods such as potatoes, yarns or plantain and (preferably wholemeal when the children digestive system is mature enough) grain like rice, wheat, oats, barley etc…or some pulses. This food group offers a sustained energy level as well as calcium, iron and vitamin B.
• At least 5 helpings of fruit or vegetable in raw, cooked, tinned, dried or frozen form but limiting fruit juices to one serving only as they lack sufficient fibre. These are a great source of vitamins and minerals
• 2 or 3 servings of milk or dairy product which contain calcium, protein and vitamin a and B12
• 2 or 3 serving of proteins such as fish , eggs, pulses or meat (consideration should be taken that meat products contain more fat than other products in this group)
• Little consumption of fat and sugary foods or drinks (biscuits, sweets, fizzy pop, fried food, oil etc…) the use of unsaturated fat is preferable to that of saturated fat which have been associated with diabetes, high cholesterol and heart diseases
• Water is to be drunk regularly throughout the day.