Support Individuals Tomaintain Personal Hygiene

Unit 97

      1.1 Explain why personal hygene is important.

Keeping your body clean is vital in combating and preventing illness -- both for yourself and for those around you. Washing your hands can prevent the spread of germs from one person to another or from one part of your body to another. Flossing and brushing your teeth can reduce the likelihood of oral and other diseases.

1.2 Describe the effects of personal hygene on health and wellbeing.

Apart from the social impact of poor personal hygiene and being isolated among friends and families, there is also the medical consequences that need to be taken into consideration. Poor personal hygiene can lead to skin infections with bacteria and fungi and parasitic infestations of the skin and hair. This can be transmitted to others in close contact with the person. The consequences are not isolated to the outside of the body. Unclean hands, utensils and crockery can increase the chances of diseases like gastroenteritis and food poisoning. Sometimes these infections may spread internally thereby affecting various other organs and even progressing to conditions like septicaemia (blood poisoning) in a person with a weakened immune system. In this regard, poor personal hygiene is potentially fatal and needs to be attended to as soon as possible.

2.5 Describe how to maintain dignity of an individual when supporting intimate personal hygiene.

Keep service users covered up whenever possible.
Avoid entering a room while other staff are carrying out intimate and personal care. If it is unavoidable, knock and wait.
Ensure that items others may need to access are not stored in rooms where intimate and personal care is provided.
Consider developing a system that prevents other service users and staff from entering a room while intimate and personal care is being carried out, such as catches that stop doors from being pushed open easily but can be opened in an emergency.
Make time when intimate issues, such as continence...