Imperialism as shown in "A passage to India"


    "A Passage to India", by E. M. Forester, was published in 1924. It goes deeper into the problems of Anglo-Indian, at the same time it offers us a clear picture of the conditions under which English and Indian live.   In this essay, I'll give short definitions to both "empire" and "imperialism". Then, I'll discuss Edward Said's views concerning "Orientalism". Later, I'll analyze the three types of imperialism; political, economic and cultural. Finally, I will try to show the different attitudes of E.M. Forester through his characters and I'll justify if E. M. Forster is imperialist or not in "A passage to India" concerning his view about the Orient.

      Empire is defined as an extensive group of states ruled over by a single monarch or ruling authority whereas imperialism refers to a policy of extending a country‚Äôs power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means which are unchallenged. (Literature in the Modern World.block4.P.8).   For instance, India was a part of British Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries where it affected all features of life extensively. e.g. Politically,   economically and culturally.
    In his 'Discourse of the Orient',   Edward Said thought that orientalism isn't geographically limited as it is a style of thinking based on an ideological distinction between the orient and the occident. Said considered orientalism as a method of discussion and analysis about the orient including writing about it, formulating views, describing or ruling over it. Orientalism can be considered as a western style for dominance and rule over the orient. Edward Said considered orientalism as an effective method through which the west practices control over the orient whether politically, culturally or economically. The west adopts an authority of language through literary imagination as the western writers use discourse in order to demonstrate their...