Strategic Therapies

Strategic Therapy: Its Origin and Influence
Strategic therapies are a unique form of therapies, dealing with families, of which began in the early 1950’s. Even though this approach is critiqued by many professionals in the field of family therapy, it has been found to be fairly effective. In reading Family Therapy: An Overview, I discovered that strategic approaches are focused on changing or modifying the solutions, not the problem. The various models focus on the behavioral patterns in the family, the solutions in which the families utilize to respond or solve the problems and the hierarchies that lie within the families (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2008). The interventions within these models include paradoxical intervention, first-order and second-order changes, the therapeutic double bind approach, redefining, prescribing, reframing, etc. (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2008).
There are four outlooks that Family Therapy: An Overview reviews: “the original Mental Research Institute (MRI) Interactional view, the brief therapy principles and therapeutic procedures that characterize current MRI activities, the strategic therapy refinements advanced primarily by Jay Haley and Cloe Madanes, and the strategic-related efforts developed in Milan, Italy, by Mara Selvini-Palazzoli and her associates” (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2008). The last outlook is based on social construction and will not be theory discussed in this document.
Goldenberg & Goldenberg emphasize that the strategic approach to family therapy has a basis in the “Communications Outlook”, expressing that verbal and non-messages and their perceptions play a large role in the strategies. “Communication theorists argue that a circular interaction continues between people because each participant imposes her own punctuation; each arbitrarily believes that what she says is caused by what the other person says” (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, p. 263, 2008). This view of communication within the family offers clues of...